- Learning effectively
- Work based learning
- Balancing competing demands of home, work and leisure against learning
- Learning styles
- Time management
- Effective use of learning resources
- Making best us of lectures and contact time with tutors and other students, individually and in groups
- Working at written assignments
- Understanding feedback on written assignments, by lecturers and tutors.
- An outline of the origins of current health and social care policy
- The main policy issues affecting health and social care services
- Outline of what is meant by sociological perspectives
- Brief discussion of discrimination as it relates to health and social care
- Examination of what is meant by domestic violence and abuse.
- Values in work with people
- Where our values originate
- The wider context of values in work with people.
- The main features of the normal functioning of the human body
- The physical basis for people’s health and well-being
- The relevance of a knowledge of physiology to health and social care
- The main features of psychology
- The main psychological theories about health and well-being
- How practitioners draw on psychological theories in health and social care work.
- Different ‘common sense’ perspectives on how we develop, grow and change over the life course
- Four main groups of theories or perspectives concerning human growth and development: biological, psychological - divided into psychodynamic and behavioural perspectives - and social/environmental.
- Outline of forms of adult abuse
- The main issues arising in criminal violence in the home, often called ‘domestic violence’
- The main policy and practice responses to adult abuse
- The policy context of child protection
- How child protection procedures work
- What direct work with abused children involves.
- Deals with sensitive issues regarding risks to health and wellbeing and safety in practice, as well as how risk and safety are managed in delivering health and social care services
- What is meant by risk and safety
- Issues raised by risk management in health and social care.
- The basics of community care policy and practice
- The policy and legal context
- Some of the main services
- Issues arising in practice
- The impact of ageism on people’s lives
- Exploration of care and empowerment models of working with older people.
- The main features of three main kinds of physical impairment for which society disables people – loss of mobility, loss of sight and loss of hearing
- Strengths and weaknesses of the main ways of working with disabled people.
- Policy context of learning disability, with particular reference to how services have changed dramatically for the better over the last 30 years of the twentieth century
- Main features of positive practice with people with a learning disability.
- A brief discussion of the broad categories of mental disorder
- Examination of several different types of support available
- Exploration of the ‘recovery perspective’ in mental health.
- Policy and legal context of children’s services
- Exploration of the range of children’s services
- The main issues arising in work with children.
- Legal context of drug usage in the UK
- Definition of drugs and medicines and their uses
- The distinction between systemic and topical drugs
- The components of a well-managed drug regime.
- The main social and medical problems associated with alcohol, drug, smoking and dietary disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia
- Some of the main approaches to working with people who abuse different substances.
- Welfare and justice approaches to work with young offenders
- Illustration of the process of work with a young offender
- An exploration of some of the main tensions in practice, eg. confidentiality.
Nutrition is essential for life and health. This chapter deals with the following themes:
- What good nutrition entails
- The contribution of nutrition to a person’s health
- The importance of nutrition in health and social care work.
- Why hand hygiene is essential to health and social care work
- The elements of hand hygiene.
- Brief survey of legislation relating to hygiene
- Brief examination of the fact that hygiene is at the core of good health and social care
- Examination of the main types of infection to which cared for people are prone
- The contribution of bladder and bowel function to health
- Some of the main causes of urinary incontinence and constipation
- Examination of the management of urinary incontinence and constipation.
- Review of the basic signs of disease and ill-health in a person
- Some of the main examples of conditions and diseases which could be responsible
- Warning of the dangers of ill-informed attempts to diagnose.
- The nature of acute and chronic pain
- How to assess pain
- How to manage pain
- Different kinds of wounds
- How health and social care workers should respond to and manage wounds.
This chapter uses a detailed discussion of one case to show:
- What is involved in palliative care
- The process of palliative care
- How a multi-professional approach contributes to palliative care.
- Overview of what is meant by ‘process’ in health and social care practice
- Outline of each of the four stages
- Meaning of assessment in health and social care
- Three main models of assessment
- The single assessment process
- What is involved in health and social care planning
- Developing and writing an effective plan
- Issues relating to the planning process
- Meaning of implementation and intervention in health and social care
- Different approaches and methods
- Tensions in practice
- The implementation process
- What is meant by ‘review’ and ‘evaluation’ in health and social care
- Processes of review and evaluation
- Issues in practice.
- Distinguishing reflective and critical practice
- Reflecting critically on an example of practice.
- The nature of research
- Complications arising in doing research
- What is involved in carrying out ethical research.
- Definition of quality assurance
- Policy and legal context of measures to assure quality in health and social care
- How quality assurance operates
- How complaints and whistle blowing contribute to quality assurance.
- The meaning of ‘theory’
- The meaning of ‘practice’
- Process of integrating theory and practice.
- Health promotion models and approaches
- Relationship between health promotion factors such as disadvantage and health inequalities influencing the health of people, including barriers to health and well-being
- Health promotion issues for health and social care practice.
- Policy context of the shift towards patient and public involvement
- Define involvement and participation by carers and people who use issues and tensions arising in the practice of participation.
- What is meant by empowerment
- The meaning of the word ‘advocacy’
- Some of the uses of empowerment and advocacy in practice.
- How the social sciences contribute to understanding communication
- Verbal and non-verbal communication
- The ingredients of good communication.
- Main features of cognitive behavioural work
- Major theories inherent in cognitive behavioural work
- Main stages of cognitive behavioural work.
- Identify some of the most widely known therapeutic approaches to working with people
- Discuss some of the main features of the main therapeutic approaches
- Suggest some of the most appropriate uses of the main therapeutic approaches.
- Some well known therapeutic approaches to working with people
- Main features of the main therapeutic approaches
- Some appropriate uses of the main therapeutic approaches.
- Nature of counselling and advice-giving
- Three main approaches to counselling - psychodynamic, humanistic person-centred and cognitive-behavioural
- The qualities and skills needed in a counsellor
- Some of the major issues affecting the decision as to whether to counsel a person.
- Key features of emergency work, crisis intervention and task-centred practice
- Circumstances in which emergency, short-term, problem-focused work is appropriate.
- Defining what is meant by partnerships and teams
- Exploring the implications of different styles of team leadership
- The ingredients for effective work in teams.
This chapter is based round illustrations from practice, dealing with:
- The main stages of work with adults
- The sequence of work with adults
- Issues arising in the work.
This chapter works through illustrations from practice to highlight
- The main stages of work with children and families
- The sequence of work with children and families
- Some issues arising in the work
This chapter introduces occupational therapy within the multidisciplinary team. It deals with:
- Practice of the occupational therapist within a health and social care setting
- The role of the occupational therapist within the multi-disciplinary team
- The value of a multi-disciplinary approach to clinical working
- What is involved in making a good decision
- How good decisions are made.
This chapter uses examples from practice to highlight:
- Issues arising in health and social care work with children and young people
- Stages of practice
- Tensions and dilemmas of practice.
This chapter illustrates from practice the following:
- Issues arising in health and social care work with adults
- The stages of practice
- Managing tensions and dilemmas of practice
- Knowing how to act in response to a complaint or need to protect a vulnerable adult.
- Putting residential and day services in the context of changing policy
- What is meant by ‘good’ residential care
- What is meant by good day services, beyond mere ‘day care’
The main themes tackled in this chapter include checking out three key questions: where am I now? Where do I want to go from here? How can I get to where I want to go? It considers:
- Recording your personal and professional development
- The importance of reviewing and evaluating your learning to date
- Assessing the work and study you may consider next
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