Introduction to work and organizational behaviour

by John Bratton Also by this author

Vocab checklist for ESL students

Below you will find items of vocabulary from each chapter which as a non-native English speaker you may not have come across before. You might find it useful to learn and check your understanding of these terms using the Macmillan Dictionary.

Chapter 1: Introducing contemporary organizational behaviour
Chapter 2: The social nature of work
Chapter 3: Studying work and organizations
Chapter 4: Personality and self-identity
Chapter 5: Perception and emotions
Chapter 6: Motivation
Chapter 7: Learning and work
Chapter 8: Class, gender, race and equality
Chapter 9: Diversity and people management
Chapter 10: Groups and teams
Chapter 11: Communication
Chapter 12: Leadership
Chapter 13: Decision-making, ethics and social responsibility
Chapter 14: Power, politics and conflict
Chapter 15: Structure



Chapter 1: Introducing contemporary organizational behaviour

Anthropology, anthropological, anthropologist
Bureaucracy, bureaucratic, bureaucrat, bureaucratization
Capitalist, capitalism, capitalize
Conflict
Conflict perspective
Constructivism
Critic, critical, criticize
Critical realism
Deductive
Dialectical
Discrimination, discriminate
Economy, economics, economical, economic, economist
Epistemology
Ethics, ethical
Evaluation, evaluative
External
Feminist
Gender
Global
Interactionist
Interpretivism
Life chance
Macro
Manager, management, managerial, manage
Means of production
Micro
Multidisciplinary
Objective
Ontology
Organization, organize, organizational
Organizational behaviour
Organizational culture
Organizational structure
Paradigm
Perspective
Political science
Positivism, positivist
Post-industrial
Proletariat
Psychology, psychological, psychologist
Qualitative
Quantitative
Realism
Social class
Social interaction
Society, social
Sociology, sociologist
Strategy, strategic, strategist
Symbolic, symbolism, symbolize
Technology, technological, technologist
Theory, theoretical, theorist

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Chapter 2: The social nature of work

Artisan
Control
Corporation, corporate
Deindustrialization
Deskilling
Discourse
Division of labour
Emotional work
Extrinsic reward
Factory system
Flexibility, flexible
Fordism
Hypotheses
Hypothesis
Industrial Revolution
Intrinsic reward
Knowledge work
Labour power
Neo-Fordism
Occupation, occupy
Post-Fordism
Post-industrial
Pre-industrial
Putting-out system
Quality of working life
Social structure
Taylorism
Trade union
Upskilling
Values, valuable
Work ethic
Work-life balance


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Chapter 3: Studying work and organizations

Alienation
Anomie
Bourgeoisie
Class conflict
Class consciousness
Contingency theory
Contradiction, contradict
Corporate social responsibility
Division of labour
Empiricism, empirical
Formalization, formal, formalize
Human relations
Ideal type
Labour process
Mechanical solidarity
Objectification, objectify
Socio-technical systems
Organic solidarity
Organizational learning
Postmodernism
Power, powerful
Proletariat
Rationalization, rationality, rational, rationalize
Scientific management
Social solidarity
Surplus value
Symbolic interactionism
Verstehen

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Chapter 4: Personality and self-identity

Ego
Expectancy theory
Extrovert, extroverted
Factor analysis
Id
Identity, identification
Idiographic
Individual, individualism
Interactionism
Introvert, introverted
Locus of control
Looking-glass self
Nomothetic
Peer group
Phenomenology, phenomenological
Phlegmatic
Psychodynamic
Psychometric
Reliable, reliability
Sanguine
Self
Self-concept
Self-efficacy
Self-esteem
Self-identity
Social capital
Social learning theory
Superego
Valid, validity

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Chapter 5: Perception and emotions

Bottom-up processing
Causal attribution
Co-variation model
Distributive justice
Emotions, emotional
Emotional management
Emotional intelligence
False consensus effect
Fundamental attribution error
Halo and horns effect
Impression management
In-groups
Linguistic relativity
Out-groups
Perceived self-efficacy
Perception, perceiver, perceptive, perceive
Perceptual bias
Perceptual set
Primacy effect
Procedural justice
Psychological contract
Recency effect
Schema, schemata, schematic
Selective attention
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Social identity theory
Stereotype, stereotyping
Top-down processing

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Chapter 6: Motivation

Alienation
Creativity, create, creative
Equity theory
Exchange value
Existence, exist
Expectancy theory
Extrinsic motivator
Goals
Goal setting
Growth needs
Inequity
Instrumentality
Intrinsic motivator
Motivation, motivational motivate
Needs
Needs hierarchy theory
Organizational commitment
Orientation
Self-actualization
Skill variety
Task identity
Task significance
Valence
Work orientation

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Chapter 7: Learning and work

Abstract
Activity theory
Andragogy
Behaviour, behaviourism, behave
Classical conditioning
Cognition, cognitive
Communities of practice
Concept, conceptualization, conceptualize
Concrete
Experiment, experimentation, experimental
Explicit knowledge
Feedback
Gestalt
Intellectual capital
Learner, learning, learns
Learning contract
Learning cycle
Life-long learning
Negative reinforcement
Norm, normal, normative
Operant conditioning
Organizational learning
Pedagogy
Positive reinforcement
Reflexive learning
Semiotics
Situated learning
Stimulus, stimulate
Tacit knowledge
Transformational learning

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Chapter 8: Class, gender, race and equality

Disability, disable, disabled
Employment equity
Equality, inequality
Equity, equate, equable
Ethnicity, ethnic
Gender bias
Gender identity
Gender role
Gender socialization
Glass ceiling
Horizontal tension
Human rights
Organizational Justice
Patriarchy
Race, racism, racist
Sex, sexuality
Sexual harassment
Sticky floor
Vertical tension

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Chapter 9: Diversity and people management

Change agent
Convergence thesis
Diversity, diverse,
Ethnocentrism, ethnocentric
Equality, equity
Equal opportunities
High-performance working environment
Human capital
Human resource management
Human resource management cycle
Leverage, lever
Stereotypes
Stakeholder
Strategy, strategize, strategic
Workforce planning
Workplace wellness

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Chapter 10: Groups and teams

Cohesiveness
Empowerment, empower
Formal work group
Group context
Group dynamics
Group norms
Group processes
Group structure
Groupthink
Hawthorne effect
Increment, incremental
Informal group
Job characteristics model
Job design
Job enlargement
Job enrichment
Job rotation
Job satisfaction
Paradox, paradoxical
Role
Role ambiguity
Role conflict
Role perceptions
Self-managed work teams
Systems theory
Status
Teams
Work group

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Chapter 11: Communication

Communications, communicate
Culture, cultural
Dialogue
Discourse community
Empirical approach
Feedback
Formal channels
Functionalist perspective
Genre
Grapevine
High-context culture
Informal channels
Language
Low-context culture
Interpretivism
Media richness
Negotiation, negotiate, negotiable
Rhetoric, rhetorical
Symbolic interactionism

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Chapter 12: Leadership

Agenda
Attribute
Competencies, competency
Contingency, contingent
Delegate, delegation
Dyad
Empathy
Emotional intelligence
Integrative
Initiate, initiating
Leadership, leader, lead
Leadership-as-practice
Least preferred co-worker
Outcomes
Path–goal theory
Personality
Power-influence approach
Relationship behaviour
Task behaviour

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Chapter 13: Decision-making, ethics and social responsibility

Assumption, assume
Bounded rationality
Brainstorming
Decision-making
Delphi technique
Divergent thinking
Employee involvement
Escalation of commitment
Ethics, ethical
Industrial democracy
Information overload
Intuition, intuitive
Nominal
Political theory model
Rationality, rationalize, rational
Risk
Satisficing
Socialization, socialize, social

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Chapter 14: Power, politics and conflict

Authority, authorize
Conflict, conflictual
Conflict of interest
Exit and voice
Game theory
Hegemony, hegemonic
Ideology, idealize, ideological
Influence, influential
Legitimacy, legitimize, legitimate
Micro-politics
Power
Structuration
Will to power

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Chapter 15: Structure

Artefacts
Business process re-engineering
Centralization, centralize, central
Competitive advantage
Complexity, complex
Core competency
Divisional structure
Environment, environmental
Formal organization
Formalization
Functional configuration
Globalization, globalist, globalize, global
Horizontal structure
Boundaryless structure
Lean structure
Matrix structure
Mechanism organization
Network structure
Organic organization
Organization chart
Organizational design
Organizational politics
Organizational structure
Span of control
Specialization, special, specialize
Virtual organization

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