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Global Sociology

Third edition

by Robin Cohen and Paul Kennedy

Annotated weblinks

Chapter 1: THE MAKING OF GLOBAL SOCIOLOGY

Though it contains social science terms and concepts more generally, this is an online service by Athabasca University that helps to define 1000 terms. Check our searchable glossary first, then turn to http://bitbucket.icaap.org. The same university, Canada's Open University, brings out an online journal published three times a year. See www.sociology.org. Pay particular attention to 'Tier 1' articles, ones that have been externally refereed.

This is a site, run by the University of Amsterdam, with lots of branches, including short summaries of the ideas of many prominent sociologistshttp://www.sociosite.net.The British Sociological Association has started a highly regarded web-based journal, which carries full-text peer-reviewed articles. Called Sociological Research Online, it can be accessed at http://www.socresonline.org.uk/welcome.html. Remember to visit the 'Archives' – the button is on the strip at the top.

http://www.ifg.org/index.htm The International Forum on Globalization is an alliance of 60 scholars and a similar number of organizations designed to promote new thinking on global issues. Remember these are sociologists doing 'public sociology'.

Chapter 2: THINKING GLOBALLY

http://www.sociology.emory.edu/globalization/index.html
This is a site directed by the sociologist Frank J. Lechner, who is one of the editors of a student reader, The Globalization Reader. (A 'reader' is a collection of previously published articles, usually in the form of short extracts). To a degree the site is built around extending the use of the book, but there is lots of other useful material. Follow, for example, the arrows to 'Theories' and 'Debates'.

http://www.ifg.org/news.htm
The site for the International Forum on Globalization, the leading left-leaning web source for scholars and activists. Be careful to separate scholarship from advocacy. That said, there is material here that reflects research and writing from many countries and a variety of scholars not easily available elsewhere.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/events/reith_99/default.htm
This is the site for the 1999 BBC Reith lectures on the theme of The Runaway World, delivered by Anthony Giddens (former professor of sociology at the University of Cambridge and former director of the London School of Economics). You can read the text of and the email debate on the six lectures and watch the lectures as they were delivered. This is an entertaining and instructive way to get into the field of global sociology.

http://www.iwgia.org
Explore the website of the International Group for Indigenous Affairs discussed in this chapter and get a flavour of the shared concerns, modes of international collaboration and the kinds of social protests in which the members of the alliance are often engaged.

Chapter 3: MODERNITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF WORLD SOCIETY

http://yaleglobal.yale.edu.
Yale Global Online is the flagship publication of the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization and features important academic and non-academic articles about globalization. You can browse the resources easily by region and topic using the tabs on the left hand side.

http://www.polity.co.uk/global
This site has been developed to sustain a textbook called Global Transformations (Held et al 1999) and other related publications. We wish to be generous about a good book that in some respects rivals this one and think this site is very helpful. Notice, however, that the disciplinary perspectives are politics and political economy, not sociology.

Chapter 4: WORK, PRODUCTION AND FINANCE

http://www.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/complabstuds/russia/index.html
A specialized but interesting site on labour issues in post-Soviet Russia, with some new comparative research reaching out to Vietnam and China.

Chapter 5: POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY: CHANGING NATION-STATES

http://www.nationalismproject.org
A site developed and maintained by Eric Zuelow and loosely affiliated with the Association for Research on Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Americas. We found the site a comprehensive gateway to scholarly nationalism resources on the Internet.

http://www2.ids.ac.uk/drccitizen
The Development Research Centre on Citizenship, Participation and Accountability, which consists of an unusual alliance between scholars, the civil society organizations of seven countries, the British government (in the form of the UK Department for International Development) and the Rockefeller Foundation, focuses on widening citizenship and participation. It provides a helpful insight into how citizenship is taking on new meanings as the contexts described by Marshall or inherited from the French Revolution change and globalize.

Chapter 6: GLOBAL INEQUALITIES: THE VICTIMS

The best source for comparative indicators of poverty and development is the World Bank, particularly its World Development Indicators, found at http://www.worldbank.org/data; and UN sites for the millennium development goals at http://mdgs.un.org and http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals.

The site for the UN's World Food Programme http://www.wfp.org gives a good account of the various famines and food shortages around the world and spells out what some people are doing about them.

The Journal of Peasant Studies has been one of the leading academic journals in the field of agrarian change for over thirty years. Your library may well have a subscription or give you access to the electronic version. Failing that, a free copy of one issue is available online. (Of course, it is potluck what you will find.)

The poverty pages of the development gateway – a worthy attempt to inform and democratize issues of global poverty – 50 country portals and good on Latin America http://topics.developmentgateway.org/poverty.

http://www.aflcio.org/Corporate-Watch
The AFL–CIO, the largest workers' organization in the USA, organizes many US workers. Here the union explains why it is against goods produced by child and exploited labour worldwide and how it sponsors a labelling scheme. Of course, there is self-interest in this position; American workers do not want to lose their jobs to foreign workers, but there is also considerable global solidarity.

Chapter 7: CLASS, INCOME AND WEALTH

http://www.trinity.edu/~mkearl/strat.html
This is the site for a passionate US sociologist's take on social inequality – which he does not like one bit. Full of pithy facts, like when the Titanic sank in 1912, 60 per cent of the first-class passengers survived, 40 per cent of the second-class made it, but only 25 per cent of the third-class passengers remained to tell their stories. We did not see that in the movie!

Chapter 8: GENDER AND SEXUALITIES

http://www.oxfam.org.uk/what-we-do/issues-we-work-on/womens-rights
The charity Oxfam has done some pioneering work on women working in global supply chains.

This site is number 2 in Google searches for 'feminism' and number 4 in Google searches for 'women's studies', and it currently reaches approximately 25,000 visitors a month. Its continuous updating is impressive: http://feminism.eserver.org/about/about.html.

Chapter 9: RACE, ETHNICITY AND INTERSECTIONALITY

http://www.irr.org.uk is an online service provided by the Institute of Race Relations in London, a left-of-centre independent research institute. It hosts a race and refugee news network containing accessible news items dating back to 1992. Though much of the material is UK-based, IRR has a strong interest in race issues in a number of other countries.

http://vos.ucsb.edu/browse.asp?id=2721#id154
This is a portal to 'minority studies' (a rather too US expression, for many minorities in the USA would be majorities elsewhere). The links cover Africa and African American studies, and Asian American studies especially well. As it is a portal, not a site, the quality of the information depends on the quality of the material in the linked sites. Of the score or so we have opened, they were of good to very good quality.

Chapter 10: CORPORATE POWER AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

http://starbucks.co.uk/responsibility
Starbucks coffee struts its CSR stuff. You had better believe it or you won't enjoy another cup of coffee there.

http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/mnc.htm
This URL is a branch of Vincent Ferraro's homepage, where you will find about 30 articles from newspapers like theNew York Times on the activities of TNCs.

http://www.corporatewatch.org/?lid=58
This site claims that 'corporations have gained a power out of all proportion to their original purpose.' It continues: 'we are a research group supporting the campaigns which are increasingly successful in forcing corporations to back down. Corporate Watch is part of the growing anti-corporate movement springing up around the world.' You should use this site and its links for your research on the many anti-corporation campaigns it covers, but remember it is overtly 'anti-corporate'.

Chapter 11: CRIME, TERRORISM AND VIOLENCE

Entering too many phrases like 'global terrorism' on your Google search can be bad for the health of your computer. Look out for strange pop-ups and beeps, as intelligence agencies may be interested in why you are accessing such sites. The National Institute of Justice International Center works with the UN and, we surmise, is a kosher research institution. There are good links to pages on human trafficking, money laundering and terrorism. See http://www.nij.gov.

http://www.unodc.org/unodc/index.html is the official site of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. These are lugubrious statistics, but helpfully multilingual for those who want to access material in Spanish, French and Russian. (We know that these are first languages for some of our readers.)

Chapter 12: POPULATION AND MIGRATION

The main organization acting in support of the world's refugees is the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). The UNHCR maintains an informative web site at http://www.unhcr.ch.

The Global Commission for International Migration was established by the UN Secretary General to see whether it was possible to manage global migration more effectively. The Commission's site contains some important downloadable papers and its excellent final report. The URL is www.gcim.org.

One of the most important academic centres for the study of global migration is the International Migration Institute at the University of Oxford. Its site is generally informative and includes downloadable working papers. Access http://www.imi.ox.ac.uk.

Chapter 13: GLOBALIZATION, FAMILIES AND SOCIAL CHANGE

http://soci.ucalgary.ca/jcfs
The Journal of Comparative Family Studies is a good resource if your institution has a subscription - this a great journal to get the latest cultural research on families.

http://www.mzes.uni-mannheim.de/projekte/fpdb/family_policy_database.htm
The European Family Policy Database provides comparative and country-specific data and information on family policies in 16 European countries.

http://www.crfr.ac.uk
This research centre based at the University of Edinburgh produces high quality quantitative and qualitative research on families and relationships in the UK.

Chapter 14: CONSUMING CULTURE

http://www.consume.bbk.ac.uk
This is the site of a 25-project programme on consumer behaviour, including global issues, funded by the British Economic and Social Research Council and the Arts and Humanities Research Council. Check out the really interesting project on chewing gum at: http://www.consume.bbk.ac.uk/research/redclift.html

http://www.mcdonaldization.com
A site on the McDonaldization thesis, with over 80 articles, not all of them very good, with a real sense of engagement with the argument. Forums are available if you are into that.

Chapter 15: LIFESTYLE AND LEISURE

TOURISM

http://www2.unwto.org/
The World Tourism Organization (WTO) is the official UN body working in this area. The site provides a constant stream of up to date materials and data on the changing character or international tourist flows, consequences and debates among world experts and officials working in this field. For example, on November 12th 2012 the site displayed an array of discussion points and data summaries to peruse, such as: ‘Tourism highlights for 2012’ and ‘International Tourism remains strong despite uncertain economy’.

http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/centres/cemore/
This is the homepage for the Centre of Mobilities Research and the Department of Sociology at Lancaster University. The paramount interest in the nature and effects of all kinds of mobilities nevertheless includes a strong interest in tourism. The centre is also the home to key researchers in this field such as John Urry. The site provides excellent information concerning recent research and publications in this area.

SPORT

www.fifa.com
FIFA is the governing body for world football. Its site includes some extremely vivid and recent images of football celebrities, key matches, news stories, debates and issues. Of course, you will need to exercise your own sociological imagination in order to interpret all this information.

Women and sport. If you surf the Internet on almost any sport topic you will encounter many sites and a vast amount of information and striking images. Just one example, is shown by the theme of women in sport and here are three sites you could explore.

http://bleacherreport.com/
Reporting on women at the 2012 London Olympics, Timothy Rapp reported that US women “stole the show in London” – as he put it, by winning 29 gold medals (more than US men who won 17) and 58 medals overall compared to men’s total of 45. He added that only two countries won more gold medals overall than US women (China and UK).

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2183262/Olympics
This site offered the following striking headline from the MailOnline (August 3rd 2012) by Adam Shergold, ‘Muslim women who made history on the Olympic Stage’. Supported by very powerful images of Muslim women performing at the London Olympics the article explains how great were the challenge for young women had to overcome in order to represent the women of their countries at the 2012 Olympics for the first time.

Additional sites of interest include: http://www.speakerscornertrust.org/ (which contains a piece on racism in sport and another on the commercialization of sport) while http://www.sportsbiz.bz/womensportinternational/ represents the views of a group which offers a ‘global voice’ on research and advocacy for women in sport.

Chapter 16: MEDIA AND THE DIGITAL AGE

http://www.theory.org.uk
This is a fun and informative site created by David Gauntlett at the University of Westminster which explores the connections between media and identities: its tag line 'social theory for fans of popular culture/popular culture for fans of social theory' says it all. Look out for the set of original online resources.

Chapter 17: GLOBAL RELIGION

Ten years' worth of full-text scholarly articles on the study of religion is available at the Internet Journal of Religion edited by our colleagues at Marburg http://web.uni-marburg.de/religionswissenschaft/journal/mjr. The articles are not always sociological, but many are of great interest and the editorial standard is high.

Mainly designed for sociologists professionally interested in the study of the sociology of religion, this American Sociological Association subsection also contains a useful newsletter with short articles suitable for student use. Visit http://www2.asanet.org/section34/newsletter.html

http://web.archive.org/web/20060907005952/http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/relmove
This website profiles more than two hundred different religious groups and movements. There are also resources, including information on 'cult' controversies and academic essays.

Chapter 18: URBAN LIFE

The Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, whose URL is http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc is very active and up to date. There is a stunning amount of material that can be accessed from this site and we thank our colleagues at Loughborough University for providing this excellent resource to the scholarly community.

Chapter 19: GLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETY AND POLITICAL ACTIVISM

The organizers of Jubilee 2000 were adept at making alliances with the Churches and winning the support of reforming politicians like UK Chancellor Gordon Brown. The story and continued updating is found here: http://www.jubileedebtcampaign.org.uk

The International Forum on Globalization http://www.ifg.org is the principal site for 'scholar activists' to document their organization against the World Trade Organization.

Edited by Paul Rogers and Bradford University, open democracy offers continuously informed opinions and analyses of changing global events, themes and crises by scholars and informed observers www.opendemocracy.net

Chapter 20: TOWARDS AN ENVIRONMENTALLY SAFE WORLD

Discussions of links between the environmental movement and the global justice movement can be found on the following sites: www.ejcc.org; www.indiaresource.org; www.ejrc.cau.edu.

EarthRights International is a non-profit group comprised of lawyers and activists concerned with human rights, government accountability and the environment. There are some useful articles found there too. Visit http://www.earthrights.org

Chapter 21: IDENTITIES AND BELONGING

For developments in the field of transnationalism, consult the website www.transcomm.ox.ac.uk. Although the programme that sustained the site is now completed, it still provides some very helpful information.

The Globalism Research Centre "undertakes engaged research into globalisation, transnationalism, nationalism and cultural diversity [and] seeks to understand and critically evaluate current directions of global change". The site includes a comprehensive bibliography as well as access to the Global-Local database at http://www.rmit.edu.au/globalism.

Chapter 22: CONCLUSION: GLOBAL UNCERTAINTIES AND WAYS FORWARD

Is globalization inevitable and desirable? This was the topic of a debate convened by the French newspaper Le Monde Diplomatique in 1997. Though a long time ago, the issues are still very live. And, by the way, the debate is in English. See http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/dossiers/ft.

A small site developed by Richard Wilks on global consumer culture, with about 25 links, can be found at http://www.indiana.edu/~wanthro/consum.htm

A site on creolization has been developed by one of the current authors at http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/sociology/research/cscs.

Statistical and other hard data on global trends can be accessed via http://gsociology.icaap.org/reports.html.