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Elections and Voters

First edition

by Cees van der Eijk and Mark Franklin

Review questions for Chapter 2

  • What three types of political system do we focus on in this chapter? (p. 29-38)
  • In what way is the appointment of cabinet members different in presidential than in parliamentary systems? (p. 29-31)
  • In what way, and under which conditions does the choice of a Prime Minister in a parliamentary system resemble the choice of the President in the US? (p. 30)
  • Why can an election campaign be shorter in most parliamentary regimes than in the US? (p. 33)
  • Why is it harder for new policies to enter the political agenda in Britain and in Germany (on the one hand) or the US (on the other hand)? (p. 33-34)
  • Why is it that Parliamentary candidates do not contest elections in the same fashion as Congressional candidates in the US? (p. 34)
  • What is a 'hung parliament?' What problem does such an election outcome present for government formation? (p. 35)
  • Why, in proportional representation (PR) systems does every vote count? How are things different in majoritarian systems? (p. 37)
  • Why, in a presidential system, is it harder than in parliamentary systems for the winning party to legislate its program into law? (p. 38-39, 43, 45)
  • Why do incumbent politicians enjoy greater electoral advantages in the US than in parliamentary systems? (p. 34)
  • Why does it generally take longer in the US than in parliamentary regimes for a new administration to begin to get its policies enacted? (p. 40)
  • Why does the election outcome have less influence in determining the policies enacted in the US than in parliamentary systems? (p. 43-45)
  • In what two ways do we suggest that elections in the US are eviscerated (rendered unimportant)? (p. 44)
  • What reform to the French constitution was made so as to avoid the likelihood of gridlock arising from having a president of one party and a Prime Minister of another party? (p. 47)
  • Why are young adults less likely to vote than older individuals? (p. 47-48)
  • What is the difference between socialization and immunization? (p. 49-50)
  • Why is partisanship, or party identification, an important concept for political science? (p. 50-53)
  • What is the consequence for party choice of the disappearance of a political party or other transformations of a party system? (p. 57)