Political Ideologies

An introduction, fifth edition

by Andrew Heywood

Web links

1 – Ideology and Ideologies

The Centre for Political Ideologies
http://www.europaeum.org/europaeum/?q=node/289
Provides assess to information about projects, conferences and other activities related to political ideology


2 – Liberalism

World Federation of Liberalism

www.liberal-international.org/
Liberal International (LI) is the world federation of liberal and progressive democratic political parties. It is a network for promoting liberalism, individual freedom, human rights, the rule of law, tolerance, equality of opportunity, social justice, free trade and a market economy.

‘Liberalism and Democracy: Can’t Have One Without the Other’
www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/53815/marc-f-plattner/liberalism-and-democracy-cant-have-one-without-the-other
Interesting article on the relationship between liberalism and democracy.

The Adam Smith Institute
www.adamsmith.org
The Adam Smith Institute is the UK’s most prominent libertarian think tanks. It provides access to a range of articles and reports.

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3 – Conservatism

Conservative Home
http://www.conservativehome.com/
A prominent Conservative website

Michael Oakeshott Association
http://www.michael-oakeshott-association.com/
Promotes knowledge and critical discussion of the British philosopher Michael Oakeshott.

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4 – Socialism

Think Left

http://think-left.org/
Blog outlining left-wing political views.

Marxists Archive
http://www.marxists.org/archive/
Library of Marxist documents which give a critical perspective on global issues.

Socialists and Democrats
http://www.socialistsanddemocrats.eu/gpes/index.jsp
Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats
in the European Parliament

Trotsky.net
http://www.trotsky.net/
Provides information about the life and work of Leon Trotsky

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5 – Anarchism

Anarchy Archives
http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives
An online research centre on the theory and history of anarchism.

David Friedman’s personal website
http://www.daviddfriedman.com/Libertarian/Libertarian.html
Contains a wide range of articles and materials related to libertarian and anarcho-capitalist issues.

‘The Machinery of Freedom’
http://www.daviddfriedman.com/The_Machinery_of_Freedom_.pdf
Provides free access to full version of David Friedman’s The Machinery of Freedom, a classic anarcho-capitalist text.

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6 – Nationalism

Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nationalism/
Use this link to access an article on the nature and varieties of nationalism, as well as moral debates about it.

‘Western nationalism and Eastern Nationalism’
http://newleftreview.org/A2320
Article by Benedict Anderson on nationalism in Asia and Europe.

The Nationalism Project
http://www.nationalismproject.org/
Provides users with a clearinghouse of scholarly nationalism information including: leading definitions of nationalism, book reviews, web links, subject bibliographies, a bibliography of more than 2,000 journal articles.

History Transnational
http://geschichte-transnational.clio-online.net/transnat.asp
Specialist forum on the history of cultural transfer and the interweaving of transnational relationships in Europe and the world.

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7 – Fascism

http://www.publiceye.org/fascist/berlet_fascism.html
Interesting article on the nature of fascism, published by Political Research Associates.

'The Mass Psychology of Fascism'
www.krystallnacht.com/lib/Politics

‘The palingenetic core of generic fascist ideology’
http://ah.brookes.ac.uk/resources/griffin/coreoffascism.pdf
An article by Roger Griffin.

‘Fascist Ecology: The "Green Wing" of the Nazi Party and its Historical Antecedents’
http://www.spunk.org/library/places/germany/sp001630/peter.html
An analysis of the German experience of fascist ecology by Janet Biehl and Peter Staudenmeir.

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8 – Feminism

Development Alternatives for Women of a New Era
http://www.dawnnet.org/feminist-resources/
DAWNnet provides a forum for feminist research, analyses and advocacy on global issues (economic, social and political) affecting the livelihoods, living standards, rights and development prospects of women, especially poor and marginalized women, in regions of the South.

Woman Stats
http://www.womanstats.org/
A detailed compilation of statistics and data on the status of women in 174 countries as well as videos and blogs on the issues facing women in the globalized world.

Feminist theory website
http://www.cddc.vt.edu/feminism
Provides access to a wide range of feminist ideas and theories.

Interview with Simone de Beauvoir
https://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/ethics/de-beauvoir/1976/interview.htm

Feminist biography forum
http://www.feministezine.com/feminist/historical/Biographies-of-Great-Feminists-03.html

Kate Millet's Theory of Sexual Politics
https://www.marxists.org/subject/women/authors/millett-kate/theory.htm

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9 – Ecologism

The Earth Institute
http://www.earth.columbia.edu/articles/view/1791
The Earth Institute aims to provide research and policy recommendations on environmental preservation and sustainable development. There are also further publications by its director, Jeffrey Sachs.

Friends of the Earth
http://www.foei.org/
Use this website for news analysis and interesting discussion of environmental policy.

Deep ecology
http://www.deepecology.org/deepecology.htm

Eco Dharma articles
http://www.ecodharma.com/articles-influences-audio/radical-ecology

Caroline Merchant and ideology
http://130.58.92.210/Students/phys29_2010/ElectronicReadings/Week 3/CAROLYN MERCHANT.pdf

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10 – Religious Fundamentalism

Human Religions - fundamentalism
http://www.humanreligions.info/fundamentalism.html​

http://rightweb.irc-online.org/articles/display/Moral_Majority
An article on the Moral Majority movement.

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11 – Multiculturalism

‘What is Multiculturalism?’
http://www.india-seminar.com/1999/484/484 parekh.htm
An article by Bhikhu Parekh on the multiculturalist perspective.

The Politics of Recognition
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/recognition/

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