The Government and Politics of the European Union

Seventh edition

by Neill Nugent


Population 3.4 m
Capital Vilnius
Surface area 62,700 km2
Official Language Lithuanian
Gross domestic product (GDP) (in euros) 41.8 bn
GDP as a % of EU-27, based on 2009 data 0.35
GDP per capita by purchasing power standards (indexed to EU average of 100) 61.2
Currency Litas (LTL)
Human development index (HDI), an index based on life expectancy, education and GDP (max. 1) 0.862
World rank in HDI 43/177
Key economic sectors (% of GDP in 2002) Services (61.7); industry (31.2); agriculture (7.1)
Unemployment in January 2010 14.6% (source:
Main religious denominations Roman Catholic (to which 79% of the population belong)
Political system A 141-member unicameral legislature
Electoral system 71 seats are contested by a simple majority system. The remaining seats are allocated according to the proportional popularity of the political parties in the election.
Current (March 2010) leaders Prime minister: Andreas Kubilius (b. 1956), since December 2008
Previous leaders: Prime ministers: Gedimanas Kirkilas (2006-08); Algirdas Brazauskas (2001-06); Rolandas Paksas (2000-01)
Joined the EU/EC 2004
Commissioner from country in Barroso II College of Commissioners, and portfolio Algirdas Semeta (Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud)
Number of MEPs 12/754
Turnout in 2009 EP elections (%) 20.9
Member of eurozone No

Except where a specific reference is inserted, the sources for this profile are either Neill Nugent’s book itself, or Barry Turner (ed.), The Statesman’s Yearbook Online, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. If your library subscribes, you can gain access at