Part II: Institutions and elections
How members of the Federation Council are nominated and elected
- Step 1. The President of the Central Electoral Committee in Moscow makes a decision about an election for the seat in the Federation Council.
- Step 2. Recommendation of candidates. Potential recommenders are a political party, a member of the legislature, or the head of the executive power of the Subject of the Federation where the election will take place.
- Step 3. Registration of the recommended candidates. Procedures include verification of each candidate's biographical data and their sources of income. The Electoral Committee of the Russia makes it decision and publishes the list of candidates in the media.
- Step 4. Nomination of the candidates by the legislature or the executive office of the Subject of the Federation. Registration of the candidates.
- Step 5. Electoral campaign and elections.
Chapter: 4. Topic: the consolidation of executive power
- Official site of the President of the Russian Federation.
- To learn more about the structure of the presidential administration and to read updates, visit this site and click on the English version.
- A complete list of ministries, services, and agencies (in English).
- Executive orders of Russian Presidents and Soviet Leaders and Federal Legislations (in Russian).
- Official site of the Duma (in Russian)
- Official site of the Federation Council (in English).
- Legal Acts of the Russian Federation(in Russian).
- Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation (in Russian).
- Federal Law "On the judicial system of the Russian Federation."
- The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (in Russian).
- Facts about the Constitutional Court.
- The Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation (in English).
- Russian prisons
Accounts are spreading about extreme abuse by Russian prison authorities. Human rights groups say the treatment of inmates at some jails is aimed at destroying people psychologically. It is so bad, they say, that it is comparable to conditions in the Soviet Gulag.
- Appointment of local officials
A new procedure for the appointment of top officials in the regions of the Russian federation is being tested. Under this system the political party that receives the greatest number of votes in an election to the regional parliament is then entitled to propose three candidates for the post of regional governor to the president of Russia. The president considers the nominations and notifies the party of his decision within 30 days.
- President Dmitry A. Medvedev has dismissed the head of the Moscow prisons and numerous other prison administrators in response to the death of a lawyer in pretrial detention.
- In consideration of an appeal by a local congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses, the Russian Supreme Court upheld a ruling by a lower court pronouncing 34 pieces of educational religious literature "extremist." The congregation now faces "liquidation."
- Commentators on Russian elections and the electoral system.
By electing to follow an aggressive policy of imperial nationalism, Putin and his inner circle missed the emergence of a serious domestic crisis that threatens the very existence of their regime. These same factors may also, however, subvert the country’s growing pro-democratic protest movement, says Andreas Umland.
Chapters: 4 and 7. Topics: executive power, nationalism
Putin warns Obama. Russian Communist paper endorses Russian president’s tough approach.
Chapters: 4, 7, and 12. Topics: executive power, political parties, Russia’s foreign policy
Chapter 4 - The Executive Branch
- Why did the constitutional crisis take place? pp.93-94
- Who was Ruslan Khasbulatov? p.94
- When did the position of president of the Russian Federation established? p.95
- What is the main function of the Security Council? p.100
- Who appoints a prime minister of the Russian Federation? p.101
- The president directs the work of five ministries. Which ones? p.103
- Russia is called a federation. Why? p.104
- Explain the term 'power vertical'. p.107
- How many federal districts does Russia have? p.108
- Explain three developmental stages in the transformation of executive
- power in Russia. p.113-14
- Explain the arguments of those who support the 'sovereign democracy' model. p.114-15
Chapter 5 - The Legislative Branch
- What is the highest legislative body of the Russian federation? How many chambers does it have? p.117
- Which party was the most successful in the 1993 elections? p.118
- Who is Vladimir Zhirinovsky? Which party does he represent? p.119
- What are 'party lists' during elections? pp.119-20
- What is a 'one mandate' electoral district? p.120
- The constitutional amendments of 2008 establish the terms (duration) of service for the president and the Duma. What are they? p.122
- How many delegates does the Duma have? p.123
- Who becomes a member of the Federation Council p.128
- Describe major weaknesses of Russia's legislative system. p.132
Chapter 6 - The Judicial Branch and Justice Administration
- Who can become a federal judge in Russia? p.137
- What are the main functions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation? p.138-39
- Where is the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation located? p.139
- What are the main functions of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation? p.141
- What are the main functions of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation? p.143
- What is the main source of criminal law in Russia? p.143
- Describe the structure of the Criminal Code. p.144-45
- Name the main task of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation. p.145-6
- Under which conditions a foreign citizen may be criminally prosecuted in Russia? p.145
- What is the main function of the Federal Service of Implementation of Sentencing? p.148
- What is the main task of the Interior Ministry troops? p.148