Acknowledged as the pre-eminent philosopher of France in the 1970s and 1980s, Michel Foucault continues to have enormous impact throughout the world in many disciplines. The Palgrave Foucault collection brings together never before published lecture notes to the latest secondary research, forming essential reading for scholars and researchers in Continental philosophy, Critical Theory, and anyone studying Foucault.
The Punitive Society
Lectures at the Collège de France, 1972-1973
These thirteen lectures on the 'punitive society,' delivered at the Collège de France in the first three months of 1973, examine the way in which the relations between justice and truth that govern modern penal law were forged, and question what links them to the emergence of a new punitive regime that still dominates contemporary society.
Presumed to be preparation for Discipline and Punish, published in 1975, in fact the lectures unfold quite differently, going beyond the carceral system and encompassing the whole of capitalist society, at the heart of which is the invention of a particular management of the multiplicity of interweaving illegalisms.
The lectures, which stand as an essay in its own right, bring together hitherto unpublished historical material concerning classical political economy, the Quakers, English 'Dissenters,' and their philanthropy – the discourse of those who introduce the penitentiary into the penal – and the moralization of the worker's time. Through his criticism of Thomas Hobbes, Michel Foucault offers an analysis of civil war that is not the war of all against all, but a 'general matrix' that makes it possible to understand the functioning of the penal strategy, the target of which is less the criminal than the social enemy within. The Punitive Society is one of the great texts recounting the history of capitalism. Our human sciences prove to be, in the Nietzschean sense, 'moral sciences.'
Arnold I. Davidson, Series Editor, is the Robert O. Anderson Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Chicago, USA, and Professor of the Philosophy of Cultures at the Università Ca'Foscari, Venice, Italy. He is co-editor of the volume Michel Foucault: Philosophie.
Graham Burchell is a translator. As well as translating Foucault's lectures at the Collège de France he has written essays on Foucault's work and was an editor of and contributor to the influential volume The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality.
A Research Companion
Michel Foucault continues to be one of the most influential thinkers not only within contemporary philosophy but across the human and social sciences. His philosophical diagnoses challenges us to rethink our conception of crucial phenomena such as madness, discipline, the human sciences, the state, neoliberalism, sexuality and subject formation in order to reconceive who we are today. Based on his work in its entirety and with special emphasis on his many recently published lecture series this book provides an updated, comprehensive and original account of his thought.
Michel Foucault: A Research Companion reads Foucault as a philosopher and so contains an extensive systematic account and discussion of his unique conception of philosophy that expresses a unifying trajectory in his work across the numerous displacements that he undertakes. The main part of the book is organized as a series of presentations of his ground-breaking diagnoses and the immensely influential analytical concepts developed in each of them. Read together these chapters provide a comprehensive chronological interpretation of Foucault's thought but the individual presentations can also be read independently of each other.
Sverre Raffnsøe is Professor of Philosophy at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark and editor in chief of Foucault Studies.
Marius Gudmand-Høyer is Assistant Professor at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
Morten Thaning Sørensen is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark with research in Foucault, philosophical hermeneutics and Ancient philosophy.